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Lisa Ainsworth's Laboratory


Recent Publications


Ainsworth EA, Lemonnier P (2018) Phloem function: A key to understanding and manipulating plant responses to rising atmospheric [CO2]? Current Opinion in Plant Biology 43, 50-56.


Leisner CP, Yendrek CR, Ainsworth EA (2017) Physiological and transcriptomic responses in the seed coat of field-grown soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) to abiotic stress. BMC Plant Biology 17: 242.

Jin Z, Ainsworth EA, Leakey ADB, Lobell DB (2017) Increasing drought and diminishing benefits of elevated carbon dioxide for soybean yields across the US Midwest. Global Change Biology, DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13946.

Wang P, Marsh E, Ainsworth EA, Leakey ADB, Sheflin AM, Schachtman D (2017) Shifts in microbial diversity in agricultural soils, rhizosphere and roots in two major cropping systems under elevated CO2 and O3. Scientific Reports 7:15109.

Yendrek CR, Erice G, Montes CM, Tomaz T, Sorgini CA, Brown PJ, McIntyre LM, Leakey ADB, Ainsworth EA (2017) Elevated ozone reduces photosynthetic carbon gain by accelerating leaf senescence of inbred and hybrid maize in a genotype-specific manner. Plant, Cell & Environment 40: 3088-3100.

Sanz-Sáez A, Koester RP, Rosenthal DM, Montes CM, Ort DR, Ainsworth EA (2017) Leaf and canopy scale drivers of genotypic variation in soybean response to elevated carbon dioxide concentration. Global Change Biology 23: 3908-3920 .

Ainsworth EA (2017) Understanding and improving global crop response to ozone pollution. Plant Journal 90: 886-897.

Siebers MH, Slattery RA, Yendrek CR, Locke AM, Drag D, Ainsworth EA, Bernacchi CJ, Ort DR (2017) Simulated heat waves during maize reproductive growth stages alter reproductive growth but have no lasting effect when applied during vegetative stages. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 240: 162-170.

Yendrek CR, Tomaz T, Montes CM, Cao Y, Morse AM, Brown PJ, McIntyre LM, Leakey ADB, Ainsworth EA (2017) High-throughput phenotyping of maize leaf physiological and biochemical traits using hyperspectral reflectance. Plant Physiology 173: 614-626.


Gray SB, Siebers M, Locke AM, Rosenthal D, Strellner R, Paul RE, Klein SP, McGrath JM, Dermody O, Ainsworth EA, Bernacchi CJ, Long SP, Ort DR, Leakey ADB (2016) Intensifying drought eliminates the expected benefits of elevated [CO2] for soybean. Nature Plants 2: 16132.

Oikawa S, Ainsworth EA (2016) Changes in leaf area, nitrogen content and canopy photosynthesis in soybean exposed to an ozone concentration gradient. Environmental Pollution 215, 347-355.

Ainsworth EA (2016) The importance of intraspecific variation in tree responses to elevated [CO2]: breeding and management of future forests. Tree Physiology 36: 679-681.

Osborne SA, Mills G, Hayes F, Ainsworth EA, Bueker P, Emberson L (2016) Has the sensitivity of soybean cultivars to ozone pollution increased with time? An analysis of published dose-response data. Global Change Biology 22: 3097-3111.

Koester RP, Nohl BM, Diers BW, Ainsworth EA (2016) Has photosynthetic capacity increased with 80 years of soybean breeding? An examination of historical soybean cultivars. Plant, Cell & Environment 39, 1058-1067.


McGrath JM, Betzelberger AM, Wang S, Shook E, Zhu X-G, Long SP, Ainsworth EA (2015) An analysis of ozone damage to historical maize and soybean yields in the United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112, 14390-14395.

Yendrek CR, Koester RP, Ainsworth EA (2015) A comparative analysis of transcriptomic, biochemical and physiological responses to elevated ozone identifies species-specific mechanisms of resilience in legume crops. Journal of Experimental Botany 66, 7101-7112.

Sanz-Saiz A, Heath KD, Burke PV, Ainsworth EA (2015) Inoculation with an enhanced N2-fixing Bradyrhizobium japonicum strain (USDA110) does not alter soybean (Glycine max Merr.) response to elevated CO2. Plant, Cell & Environment 38: 2589-2602.

Siebers MH, Yendrek CR, Drag D, Locke AM, Acosta LR, Leakey ADB, Ainsworth EA, Bernacchi CJ, Ort DR (2015) Heat waves imposed during early pod development in soybean (Glycine max) cause significant yield loss despite a rapid recovery from oxidative stress. Global Change Biology 21: 3114-3125.

Bishop KA, Betzelberger AM, Long SP, Ainsworth EA (2015) Is there potential to adapt soybean (Glycine max Merr.) to future [CO2]? An analysis of the yield response of 18 genotypes to Free Air CO2 Enrichment. Plant, Cell & Environment 38: 1765-1774.


Leisner CP, Ming R, Ainsworth EA (2014) Distinct transcriptional profiles of ozone stress in soybean (Glycine max) flowers and pods. BMC Plant Biology 14: 335.

Koester RP, Skoneczka JA, Cary TR, Diers BW, Ainsworth EA (2014) Historical gains in soybean (Glycine max Merr.) seed yield are driven by linear increases in light interception, energy conversion and partitioning efficiencies. Journal of Experimental Botany 65: 3311-3321.

Bishop KA, Leakey ADB, Ainsworth EA (2014) How seasonal temperature or water inputs affect the relative response of C3 crops to elevated [CO2]: A global analysis of open top chamber and Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE) studies. Food & Energy Security 3: 33-45.

Ainsworth EA, Serbin SP, Skoneczka JA, Townsend PA (2014) Using leaf optical properties to detect ozone effects on foliar biochemistry. Photosynthesis Research 119: 65-76.


Slattery RA, Ainsworth EA, Ort DR (2013) A meta-analysis of responses of canopy photosynthetic conversion efficiency to environmental factors reveals major causes of yield gap. Journal of Experimental Botany 64: 3723-3733

Yendrek CR, Leisner CP, Ainsworth EA (2013) Chronic ozone exacerbates the reduction in photosynthesis and acceleration of senescence caused by limited N availability in Nicotiana sylvestris. Global Change Biology 19: 3155-3166


Betzelberger AM, Yendrek CR, Sun J, Leisner CP, Nelson RL, Ort DR, Ainsworth EA (2012) Ozone exposure response for U.S. soybean cultivars: linear reductions in photosynthetic potential, biomass and yield. Plant Physiology 160: 1827-1839.

Leakey ADB, Bishop KA, Ainsworth EA (2012) A multi-biome gap in understanding of crop and ecosystem responses to elevated CO2. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 15: 228-236

Ainsworth EA, Yendrek CR, Sitch S, Collins WJ, Emberson LD (2012) The effects of tropospheric ozone on net primary production and implications for climate change. Annual Review of Plant Biology 63: 637-661

Burkey KO, Booker FL, Ainsworth EA, Nelson RL (2012) Field assessment of a snap bean ozone bioindicator system under elevated ozone and carbon dioxide in a free air system. Environmental Pollution 166: 167-171

Davis AS, Ainsworth EA (2012) Weed interference with field-grown soybean (Glycine max) decreases under elevated [CO2] in a FACE experiment. Weed Research 52: 277-285

VanLoocke A, Betzelberger AM, Ainsworth EA, Bernacchi CJ (2012) Increasing ozone concentrations decrease soybean evapotranspiration and water use efficiency while increasing canopy temperature. New Phytologist 195: 164-171

Galant A, Koester RP, Ainsworth EA, Hicks LM, Jez JM (2012) From climate change to molecular response: redox proteomics of ozone-induced responses in soybean. New Phytologist 194: 220-229

Leisner CP, Ainsworth EA (2012) Quantifying the effects of ozone on plant reproductive growth and development. Global Change Biology 18: 606-616

Gillespie KM, Xu F, Richter KT, McGrath JM, Markelz RJ, Ort DR, Leakey ADB, Ainsworth EA (2012) Greater antioxidant and respiratory metabolism in field-grown soybean exposed to elevated O3 under both ambient and elevated CO2 concentrations. Plant Cell & Environment 35: 169-184

Ainsworth EA, Yendrek CR, Skoneczka JA, Long SP (2012) Accelerating yield potential in soybean: Potential targets for biotechnological improvement. Plant, Cell & Environment 35: 38-52